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Useful Information

Container Types

20′ DC / 40′ DC
Although in some commercial correspondence these types of containers are referred to as "dry vans" or "standards", the term "general purpose" is often more appropriate. In accordance with international use, their external dimensions can be fixed in terms of length and width, and their heights can be different. It has two doors and only one of them can be opened outwards. When the container's door is closed, it has water and air tightness. The material used in the manufacture of containers is selected considering both the carrying capacity and the volume. Usually steel and aluminum are used. Steel containers have less loading capacity because steel is heavier.

20′ (OPEN TOP) / 40′ (OPEN TOP)
It carries the length and width dimensions of a typical general purpose container, with the only difference that it does not have a "fixed top". It is used in cases where loads that are too long/wide to fit into the container through the door can only be placed from above with cranes or similar vehicles. Mostly machinery, marble plates, aluminum profiles etc. are transported. Open top containers are often used for overflowing loads. It is tightly covered with a tarpaulin after loading. Its base is slightly thicker because it carries heavy loads, and because it falls under the special equipment class, a surcharge is usually added to the freight.

20′ FLAT RACK / 40′ FLAT RACK / 40′ SEALABLE FLAT RACK
It is also sometimes referred to as "flat" for short. This type of container does not have two sides and a top.Sometimes both heads can be dislodged.A lot of surcharge can be added to the freight because the flat container is suitable for loading goods from both sides and from the top. The bottom of the container is very thick.

40′ HIGH CUBE / 45′ HIGH CUBE
This type of container is used to transport relatively light but high volume goods. Their height is 30 cm higher than a normal 40' container.

40′ Reefer / 40′ High Cube Reefer / 45′ High Cube Reefer
It is used for the transportation of other cargoes, especially food products, with a cooling unit, which is attached to the container and operated by an electric or diesel engine.

20 ′ Container Internal Dimensions ;
Length 5,897 mm 19 ft 4.17 in Length
Width 2,348 mm 7 ft 8.44 in Width
Height 2,390 mm 7 ft 9.90 in Height
Weight 30,480 kg (24,000 kg) Max Brüt Weight
40′ Container Internal Dimensions ;
Length 12,031 mm 39 ft 5.66 in Length
Width 2,348 mm 7 ft 8.44 in Width
Height 2,390 mm 7 ft 9.90 in Height
Weight 32,500 kg (30,480 kg) Max Brüt Weight
40′ High Cube Container Internal Dimensions ;
Length 12,031 mm 39 ft 5.66 in Length
Width 2,348 mm 7 ft 8.44 in Width
Height 2,695 mm 8 ft 10.12 in Height
Weight 32,500 kg (30,480 kg) Max Brüt Weight
40′ High Cube Dry Konteyner İç Ölçüleri ;
Length 12,032 mm 39 ft 5.31in Length
Width 2,346 mm 7 ft 8.36 in Width
Height 2,381 mm 7 ft 9.74 in Height
Weight 32,500 kg (30,480 kg) Max Brüt Weight
Delivery Methods

1. Factory Delivery ( EXW (Ex Works, Ex Warehouse) )
The only obligation of the seller is to make the goods available to the buyer in his own business (factory, warehouse, etc.). From this point forward, the buyer has to bear all the costs and risks associated with the carriage of the goods to the destination.

2. Delivery to Carrier ( FRC ( Free Carrier) )
In this form of delivery, it is foreseen to meet the combined transportation needs such as Container transportation applied in Trailers and Ferries. It is based on FOB delivery principles. The seller's obligation ends with the delivery of the goods to the carrier at the named place. It means that the goods and delivery obligations of the seller are fulfilled, together with the delivery of the goods to the carrier at the place specified by the buyer, with the customs clearance procedures completed. If a specific point is not specified on the buyer's side, then the seller can choose the point at which he will transfer the goods to the carrier in a predetermined area or place. All expenses, including shipping costs, risk of loss and damage are transferred from the seller to the buyer. This term is used in land, rail, air transportation and multi-modal transportation.

3. Freight Paid Delivery ( CPT ( Cost Paid for Transport) )
This term indicates that the freight is paid by the seller when transporting the goods to the designated destination. After the goods are transferred to the carrier, the risk of loss and damage to the goods, as well as all costs that may arise after this delivery, pass from the seller to the buyer. If successive carriers are used to deliver the goods to the designated destination, the risk is transferred with the transfer of them to the first carrier. Customs Exit procedures and costs are covered by the seller.

4. Insurance Paid Shipping and Delivery ( CIP (Carriage and Insurance Paid To) )
This term includes the seller's obligation to bear the same liability as the CPT term, in addition to insurance against the risk of loss and damage during carriage. Customs exit procedures are done by the seller. While the term CIF is used for goods to be transported by sea, the term CIP is used regardless of the type of transport vehicle and especially for combined transports where more than one type of transport will be used.

5. Border Delivery ( DAF (Delivered at Frontier) )
This term includes making the goods ready for the buyer's disposal in the area determined before the customs at the border, with the customs exit procedures completed. The border can be the seller's country border or the buyer's or any third country's border. Expenses and risks up to the border belong to the exporter and after the border to the importer. It is possible to use this term in any mode of transport, especially when the goods are sent by rail or road.

6. Customs Duty Unpaid Delivery ( DDU (Delivered Duty Unpaid) )
This term means that the seller fulfills his obligation to deliver by making the goods available at the named place in the importing country. The seller has to bear all the risks and costs associated with bringing the goods to this point (excluding duties, taxes and other fees from imports), as well as the costs arising from customs entry formalities. The additional costs and risks arising from not making the customs entry of the goods on time belong to the buyer. If the parties want the seller to complete the customs procedures and undertake the risks and costs arising from this, this situation should be clarified by making additions in this sense. If the parties want some payments made in import transactions (for example Value Added Tax (VAT, VAT)) to be made by the seller, this request can be made with the following additional words to clarify the matter: “Delivery without Duty to Pay, VAT (VAT) to be paid (destination) designated as …)”. This term can be used regardless of the mode of transport.

7. Customs Duty Paid Delivery ( DDP (Delivered Duty Paid) )
This term means that the seller fulfills his obligation to deliver by making the goods available at the named place in the importing country. The seller has to bear all the risks and costs associated with bringing the goods to this point, including duties, taxes and other charges from Import, as well as the costs arising from customs entry formalities. The term EXW represents the minimum obligation for the seller, while the term DDP, on the contrary, includes the maximum obligation. If the parties want some payments made in import transactions (for example, Value Added Tax (VAT ie VAT)) to be deducted from among the seller's obligations, this request can be provided with the following additional words to clarify the matter: “Delivered Duty Paid, VAT (VAT) excluded (destination) by specifying its location as…)”. This term can be used regardless of the mode of transport.

8. Delivery On Board ( FAS (Free Alongside Ship) )
The delivery obligation is fulfilled by placing the goods on the quay or barge in the direction of the ship (next to the ship) at the loading port for which this delivery method is determined. From this moment on, any loss or damage to the goods belongs to the buyer. In this form of delivery, the shipping costs, export taxes and duties, if any, belong to the buyer. The term FAS stipulates that the exportation of the goods is completed by the buyer. This term is also used in Sea and River transport.

9. Deck Delivery ( FOB (Free on Board) )
This term means that the seller's obligation to deliver is fulfilled by transferring the goods aboard the ship at the named port of shipment (passing on the rail). From this moment on, any loss, damage or risks to the goods belong to the buyer. This term requires that the export of the goods be handled by the seller (including port and shipping costs). This term can only be used for sea or river transport.

10. Cost and Freight ( CF (Cost and Freight) )
This term means that the seller pays the freight and costs necessary to transport the goods to the specified destination. However, the risk of loss and damage to the goods, as well as all additional costs that may arise from the transfer of the goods to the ship's board, are transferred from the seller to the buyer as soon as the goods pass from the loading port to the ship's board. Here, the export transactions and costs are covered by the seller.

11. Cost, Freight and Insurance ( CIF (Cost, Insurance and Freight) )
In this term, the seller assumes the same obligations as in the CF term, in addition to the obligation to insure against the risk of loss and damage to the goods during transport. The export transactions and costs of the goods are borne by the seller. However, the risk of loss and damage and the increase that may occur in expenses are transferred from the seller to the buyer from the moment the goods pass to the ship's rail at the loading port.

12. Delivery On Board ( EXS (Ex Ship) )
This term covers the presentation of the goods to the buyer's disposal on board the ship at the specified port of destination, without customs clearance. At this point, the seller is deemed to have fulfilled his delivery obligation. After this point, all risks and costs related to bringing it to the destination port and unloading it shall be borne by the buyer.

13. Delivery at Dock ( EXQ (Ex Quay) )
This term means that the seller's obligation ends when he presents the goods to the buyer at the quay at the designated port of destination, with customs clearance completed. The risks and costs up to this stage, including the pictures and other payments before the delivery of the goods to the buyer, belong to the seller.

Air Cargo Operations

In the changing world conditions, the importance of the logistics and international transportation sector is increasing with each passing minute. This rapid growth in the logistics sector was reflected in its sub-branches. Air cargo transportation, which is one of them, has become an undeniable reality in the logistics industry. Air transportation, which is mostly used for document transportation, constitutes approximately 8% of the logistics trade in the world. Although passenger transportation is the first thing that comes to mind when air transportation is mentioned, the balances have changed in recent years. It is possible to show the increasing number of airline companies among the main reasons for these. As a result, competition increases and the price decreases. Air cargo and air cargo terms have started to become more attractive for many companies thanks to this transformation. With this attractiveness, it has revealed the understanding of faster and reliable transportation. As TR Freight & Logistics, we are aware of the importance of air cargo transportation. Air freight transport has the element of time at its focal point. A goods that can be transported by sea in 20 days can be transported in a short time that can be measured in hours, thanks to air cargo transportation. Working with this awareness, our team has always been customer-benefit-oriented. You can request a price for our air transport service.

Maritime Transport

Maritime transport deals with a wide location where maritime transport is used through ports and customs in international logistics activities. In international logistics, the subjects with the highest competition are the fast, reliable and most cost-effective transportation of goods. The point with the highest cost in the logistics sector is the transportation point of the goods. In this case, the preferred method of transportation, especially in long-distance transportation, is sea transportation. A significant percentage of the goods to be transported to different cities and ports are provided in this way. Being aware of this, TR Freight & Logistics uses seaway for container and freight transportation from many ports of the world. Among these ports, there are also strategically important countries and ports such as Dubai (Jebel Ali), Rotterdam, Jordan (Aqaba), Saudi Arabia (Riyadh), Oman (Muscat). (For detailed information, you can contact us from the request form.) In general, we can divide maritime transport into two as Layner and Tramp. The most used method today is container transportation. In the past, the goods transported by traditional means were loaded piece by piece on ships. This meant that more manpower and time were needed during transportation. In the next process, they tried to load the cargoes on large vehicles such as trucks and load them on large cargo ships. The problem here is that the vehicles are large and it is difficult and costly to unload with the help of cranes, which has led to abandonment of this idea. It turned out that the most suitable method of transporting cargo is the container we use today.

Highway Transports

It is the way of transporting the cargo to the transportation point in a fast, safe and economical way by road. Direct transportation to the destination also stands out as its difference from other transportation branches. Land transportation has been the most favorite transportation branch of the sector since the beginning of logistics activities. It has advantages as well as disadvantages. We have listed them below.

Advantages

• In road transport, the waiting time at the ports, which may occur due to various reasons, will be minimized.
• There is no shortage of vehicles. Accordingly, it is possible to make frequent trips.
• It is the most suitable method in short-distance freight transportation and is also economical.
• The transportation network is extensive.
• It has the opportunity to carry loads of different sizes.
• It is the most suitable mode of transportation in door-to-door transportation.

Disadvantages

• The amount of cargo carried is less than other transportation branches.
• Weight restrictions can also be included in the first item.
• Being affected by adverse weather conditions.
• A serious risk of accident.
• Price uncertainty due to economic fluctuations that occur from time to time.

Road Transport in Turkey

Our country, which invested in transportation by rail from the proclamation of the Republic until 1950, pressed the button for highway after these years. It has become the most preferred mode in transportation and transportation with our increasing road network in recent years. In parallel with all these developments, nearly 90% of the transportation sector is carried out by road. The growth in the logistics industry, especially in the last 15 years, is an indisputable fact. We are in a more advanced position than many countries with our average number of freight vehicles approaching 800,000. With this number increasing day by day, a rapid growth is expected as a sector in the next 10 years. Being aware of this, our TR Freight & Logistics team will always continue to work to give you the best service. You can request a price for your cargo or contact us.

Rail Transport

International rail transport is seen as more economical and safe than other forms of logistics. It is a preferred method for the transportation of heavy and large-volume goods. To touch on the safe side, it is possible to see the risk of error at the lowest level in railway transportation, where the human factor is at the minimum level. What we can see beyond another advantage is an environmentally friendly logistics activity. TR Freight & Logistics, which always aims to bring the world to a more livable place from green logistics, attaches the necessary importance to railway transportation. Depending on the type of your cargo, transportation activities are provided with open and closed wagons. This mode of transportation, which acts as a bridge especially with the Middle East (Jordan, Lebanon, United Arab Emirates, etc.), will always have an important value for TR Freight & Logistics.

The speed options of the vehicles preferred in railway transportation vary according to the transportation service type. It is the most preferred logistics activity in the transportation of mining, processed raw materials, solid fuel (coal), agricultural products. Considering that road transport (whether for freight or transportation) is affected by bad weather conditions, rail transport has been a good alternative option for the transport of not only the above-mentioned cargoes, but also all kinds of cargo. You can request a price for your cargo from TR Freight & Logistics, which has always adopted the importance of railway transportation, and contact us.